OIL SPILL CONFERENCE

spill conference

Prevention, Behavior, Control, Cleanup Los Angeles, February 25-28 Mayor Tom Bradley will welcome more than 1,200 academic, government, and industry leaders to the 1985 Oil Spill Conference in Los Angeles February 25-28. Speakers from 35 countries will explore new ways to fight oil pollution at this ninth biennial meeting, which will be held at the Westin Bonaventure Hotel. It is sponsored by the American Petroleum Institute, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the U.S. Coast Guard.

Conference delegates can choose from 110 presentations that will spotlight the latest pollution response equipment and research.

Topics scheduled include the case histories of several oil spills, new cleanup techniques and equipment, legal concerns, contingency plans for spills around the world, and a discussion of how oil affects the marine and inland environment.

A member of the Swedish Space Corporation will present a remote sensing system for maritime surveillance developed with the Swedish Coast Guard. Refinements to this technology include a scanning microwave radiometer that measures oil spill thickness. Future experiments with this system will be performed on the Space Shuttle.

Computers will take the stage when a U.S. Coast Guard speaker shows how portable computers can help salvage masters save stranded tankers, and a representative from the Institute for Water Research in West Germany discusses the computerized collection of data about more than 200 types of crude oil. A variety of presentations will address the future use of chemical dispersants to combat oil spills. At one time dispersants were used cautiously or only in special circumstances. Now they are getting a second chance because of increased effectiveness and reduced toxicity.

Discussions on dispersants will include their use for inland spills, comparisons between oil slicks applied with dispersants and those not, application of dispersants from boats, and the use of dispersants in southern California. One session will highlight the interagency dispersant decision process.

In-depth case histories of oil spill cleanup efforts will detail a pipeline rupture near Fresno, Calif., an oil barge discharge on the Arkansas River, the grounding and breakup of the cargo vessel Blue Magpie off the Oregon Coast, a gasoline spill from a ruptured pipeline in northern Idaho, and the removal of fuel oil spilled when an underground storage tank leaked in suburban New Castle County, Delaware.

The need for an international conference on oil spills was demon- strated by an oil well blowout six miles southeast of Santa Barbara in 1969. Tons of crude oil poured from offshore drilling Platform A, and winds drove the oil ashore, contaminating beaches, harbors, and rocky coastlines. Later that year members of the academic community, government officials, and industry leaders met at the first Oil Spill Conference in Los Angeles to share emerging technologies, innovative ideas, and test results. The Conference has been held every two years since then.

Equipment Demonstration On Monday, Februrary 25, an Oil Spill Equipment Demonstration will be held in Long Beach Harbor. The program will feature the stateof- the-art offshore and harbor spill equipment and response systems available in southern California. Participants will be able to observe the equipment at close hand from the deck of a comfortable Catalina ferryboat.

The Long Beach program will consist of three phases: • Execution of spill containment and removal operations at a marine terminal with boom, skimmers, vacuum truck, and response boats.

• Deployment of on-scene response equipment for exploratory drilling and production from an offshore supply boat with reeled boom, skimmers, and oil-water separator. Also included will be a helicopter boom deployment demonstration.

• Deployment of response equipment by two local cooperatives. This demonstration will include two dedicated response vessels augmented by rapid response boats, advancing and stationary skimmers, openocean booms, and dispersant applicant techniques from boats and aircraft. The demonstration will be narrated by U.S. Coast Guard and industry representatives. The observation boat will have exhibits and information packages for all participants. Following the Oil Spill Equipment Demonstration there will be a welcoming reception sponsored by the Conference organizers and exhibitors in the Exhibit Hall of the Bonaven^ ire Hotel from 4:30 to 6:00 pm.

This year the Conference will again feature two luncheons. On Tuesday, February 26, Kenneth Biglane of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the former chairman of the National Response Team, will give the principal ad- dress. On Thursday, February 28, Dr. Reinhard Ganten will be the main speaker. Dr. Ganten, director of the International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund during the recent Diplomatic Conference to revise the 1969 Civil Liability and 1971 Fund Conventions, will comment on that Diplomatic Conference.

A Hospitality Suite for spouses and children of delegates will be open from 8:00 to 10:00 am Tuesday through Thursday in the Los Cerritos Room of the hotel. Hostesses familiar with the Los Angeles area will be on hand to offer guidance on tours and other local attractions. Exhibits by companies, organizations, institutions, and government agencies involved in the manufacture, sale, or use of equipment and professional or technical services will be open February 25-27 in the Exhibition Hall of the Hotel, one level below the lobby.

FINAL CONFERENCE PROGRAM Tuesday, February 26 9:00 a.m. Sacramento/San Francisco Rooms Plenary Session Tom Bradley, Mayor, City of Los Angeles Commodore John W. Kime, Chief, Office of Marine Environment and Systems, United States Coast Guard Judith E. Ayers, Regional Administrator, Region IX, United States Environmental Protection Agency Richard W. Kreutzen, 1985 Oil Spill Conference Chairman, American Petroleum Institute (Chevron USA, Inc.) 10:30 a.m.-5:15 p.m. Exhibit Hall Foyer Tuesday Poster Session Chairman: John S. Farlow, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Edison, New Jersey Vice Chairman: William Keffer, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Kansas City, Missouri 10:30 a.m.-11:15 a.m. Measures for Combating Oil Pollution at Coast and Sea in the Federal Republic of Germany M. Wunderlich, Federal Institute of Hydrology, Koblenz, Federal Republic of Germany 10:45 a.m.-11:30 a.m. Considerations for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Oiled Sea Otters Robert A. Pastorok, Tetra Tech, Inc., Bellevue, Washington; Jeanette A. Thomas, Hubbs-Sea World Research Institute, San Diego, California 11:00 a.m.-11:45 a.m. Oil Spill Response Planning in Tropical Coastal Environments Thomas G. Ballou, Charles D. Getter, Bart J. Baca, Research Planning Institute, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina; Mohammad Al- Sarawi, Kuwait University, Safat. Kuwait; Cristine L. Vilardi, Exxon Production Research Company. Houston, Texas 11:15 a.m.-12 noon Computer Simulation of the Effects of Oil Development on Seabird and Marine Mammal Populations R. Glen Ford, Ecological Consulting. San Diego, California; Michael L. Bonnell, Center for Marine Studies, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 2:00 p.m.-2:45 p.m. Strategic Planning for Large and Small Oil Spills in New England Harilaos N. Psaraftis, J.D. Nhyart, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge. Massachusetts 2:30 p.m.-3:15 p.m. A Transportable Spill Information Management System: A Case Study John A. Murphy, Dean H. Dale, Murphy Information Services, Edmonds, Washington; Lieutenant Commander Dennis J. Sigrist, NOAA/OAD, Seattle, Washington 3:00 p.m.-3:45 p.m. A Method for Site Specific Planning for Dispersant Use Bart J. Baca, Charles D. Getter, Thomas G. Ballou, Research Planning Institute, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina; June Lindstedt- Siva, Atlantic Richfield Company, Los Angeles, California 3:30 p.m.-4:15 p.m. Estimating Dispersant Effectiveness Under Low Temperature and Low Salinity Conditions James R. Payne, Charles R. Phillips, Mark Floyd, Greg Longmire, Jose Fernandez, Science Applications, Inc.. La Jolla, California; L. Michael Flaherty, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D.C. 4:00 p.m.-4:45 p.m. Swedish Oil Combat Program, TOBOS '85 Carola Lehtinen, Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden 4:30 p.m.-5:15 p.m. Waterborne Trade of Petroleum in the Wider Caribbean Region Lieutenant Jane R. Ditto, U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, D.C.

10:30 a.m. Santa Anita Room Session A: Equipment I Chairman: Captain Peter C. Lauridsen, U.S. Coast Guard. Portsmouth, Virginia Vice Chairman: Dr. Lewis R. Brown, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi New Concepts in Spraying Dispersants From Boats Tom E. Allen, Halliburton Services, Duncan, Oklahoma An Experimental High Pressure Waterjet Barrier K.M. Miekle, H. Whittaker, F. Laperriere, Department of the Environment, Ottawa, Canada Ecumoire II: Evaluation of Three Oil Recovery Devices Offshore Georges Peigne, CEDRE, Brest, France Combustility and Incineration of Beaufort Crude/Seawater Emulsions D. Kretschmer, J. Odgers, University Laval, Quebec. Canada 10:30 a.m. San Gabriel Room Session B: Underground Spills Chairman: Dr. John Lamping, Standard Oil Company (Indiana), Chicago, Illinois Vice Chairman: Harold Pecunia, Peterson Maritime Services, Inc., New Orleans, Louisiana Groundwater Abatement Alternatives for Removal of Organic Containments Paul M. Yaniga, Groundwater Technology, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania Groundwater Protection Through Early Detection of Hydrocarbon Leaks L.F. Donaghey, Chevron Research Co., Richmond, California Containment and Removal of Fuel Oil from Groundwater Beneath a Densely Populated Housing Development Joseph T. McNally, Craig G. Robertson, Ned E. Wehler, R.E. Wright Associates, Inc., Middletown, Pennsylvania North La Crosse Underground Fuel Oil Spill Brad Erikson, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, La Crosse, Wisconsin Case Study—Identification and Initial Recovery of Jet A Fuel Underlying an Airport Tank Farm Kenneth M. Ries, The Greyhound Corporation, Phoenix, Arizona Investigation and Cleanup of Fuel Tank Leaks in the San Francisco Bay Area—A Regulatory Strategy Don M. Eisenberg, Adam W. Olivieri, Peter W. Johnson, California Regional Water Quality Control Board, Oakland, California 10:30 a.m. San Diego Room Session C: Case Histories Chairman: Robert J. Meyers, Exxon Shipping Company, Houston, Texas Vice Chairman: A.C. Cormack, Petro-Canada, Don Mills, Canada The Grounding of the M / T Tifoso, 1983: A Test of Bermuda's Contingency Plan Anthony H. Knap, Thomas D. Sleeter, Bermuda Biological Station, Ferry Reach, Bermuda; Idwal Wyn Hughes, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Botanical Gardens, Bermuda Case History of a South Holland Oil Spill Antonius M. Kleij, Jozef M. Gubbens, Office of Regulations for Soil Protection and Waste Management, The Hague, The Netherlands The Katina Oil Spill 1982—Combatting Operation at Sea W. Koops, Rijkswaterstaat. North Sea Directorate, Holland; F.J. Sanders, Rijkswaterstaat, South-Holland Directorate, Holland; J.M. Gubbens, Provincial Governments of South Holland, Holland The Tanker Assimi—A Case History Terence M. Hayes, International Maritime Organization, London, England, UK Management of the Uniacke G-72 Incident S.D. Gill, Canada Oil and Gas Lands Administration, Ottawa, Canada; C.A. Bonke, Shell Canada Resources, Calgary, Canada; J. Carter, Martec Ltd., Halifax, Canada 12:00 Noon Sacramento/San Francisco Rooms Luncheon Kenneth Biglane (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency), the former National Response Team Chairman 2:00 p.m. San Diego Room Underground Spills (A Panel Discussion) Chairman: Dr. Gerald Bresnick, Standard Oil Company (Indiana), Chicago, Illinois Panel Members: Penelope Hansen, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

Robert McVety, Florida Department of Environmental Resources, Tallahassee, Florida David Conway, American Petroleum Institute (Marathon Oil Company), Denver, Colorado Dr. Larry Canter, University of Oklahoma, Nor man, Oklahoma David Miller, Geraghty and Miller, Inc., Syosset, New York 2:00 p.m. Santa Anita Room Session D: Equipment-ll Chairman: John Riley, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Vice Chairman: Kenneth M. Meikle, Environmental Protection Service, Ottawa, Canada Simulation Tests of Portable Oil Booms in Broken Ice Isao Suzuki, Yoshlhisa Tsukino, Masamitsu Yanagisawa, Institute of Ocean Environmental Technology, Ibaraki, Japan.

Ohmsett Tests of a Rope Mop Skimmer in Ice Infested Waters J.S. Shum, M. Borst, Mason & Hanger-Silas Mason Co., Inc., Leornardo, New Jersey Ohmsett Tests of Toscon Weir Skimmer and Gravity Differential Separator Donald C. Gates, Kevin M. Corradino, Mason & Hanger-Silas Mason Co., Inc., Leonardo, New Jersey Standardizing Boom Test Procedures M. Borst, H.W. Lichte, Mason & Hanger- Silas Mason Co., Inc., Leonardo, New Jersey Design Considerations for a Large Sweep Width Skimming System Marshall J. Crocker, Halliburton Services, Duncan, Oklahoma 2:00 p.m. San Gabriel Room Session E: Fate and Effects I Chairman: George Kinter, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Rockville, Maryland Vice Chairman: Richard Griffiths, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Edison, New Jersey Effects of Oil and Chemically Dispersed Oil in Sediments on Clams Jack W. Anderson, Steven L. Kiesser, Dennis L. McQuerry, Gilbert W. Fellingham, Battelle, Sequim, Washington Seasonal Response of Spartina Alterniflora to Oil Steven K. Alexander, James W. Webb, Jr., Texas A&M University at Galveston, Galveston, Texas Factors Affecting the Persistence of Stranded Oil—An Example From the Low Energy Coasts Edward H. Owens, Woodward-Clyde Oceaneering, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK The Effects and Implications of Oil Pollution in Mangrove Forests Lieutenant Clayton W. Evans, U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, D.C.

3:30 p.m. Santa Anita Room Session F: Equipment III Chairman: J. Stephen Dorrler, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Edison, New Jersey Vice Chairman: Dr. Gerd Kleineberg, U.S. Coast Guard, Groton, Connecticut A Simple Remote Sensing System for the Detection of Oil R.H. Goodman, J.W. Morrison, Esso Resources Canada Limited, Calgary, Canada Early Experiences With a Single-Vessel Offshore Spill Cleanup for Offshore Spill Cleanup William J. Dalton, Offshore Devices, Inc., Peabody, Massachusetts; A.J. Heikamp, Jr., Loop, Inc., New Orleans, Louisiana Special Skimmer for Subsurface Oil Recovery Roy W. Hann, Jr., Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas; Paul L. Malter, Henningson, Durham, & Richardson, Austin, Texas Fiber-Optical Measurement of Mechanically and Chemically Dispersed Oil in Water Jan Nilsen, Norwegian Hydrodynamic Laboratories, Trondheim, Norway 3:30 p.m. San Gabriel Room Session G: Fate and Effects-ll Chairman: Charles Sieber, U.S. Coast Guard. Washington, D.C.

Vice Chairman: Thomas Allen, Halliburton Services, Duncan, Oklahoma Effects of Petroleum on Algal Blooms in Lake Maracaibo Gustavo Parra-Pardi, Emery A. Sutton, ESCAM, Caracas, Venezuela; Nelson E. Rincon, Petroleos de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela Partitioning of Oil in Nearshore and Surf Zone Areas Erich R. Gundlach, Timothy W. Kana, Research Planning Institute, Columbia, South Carolina; Paul D. Boehm, Battelle New England Marine Research Laboratory, Duxbury, Massachusetts Freshwater Oil Spill Considerations: Protection and Cleanup Bart J. Baca, Charles D. Getter, Research Planning Institute, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina; June Lindstedt-Siva, Atlantic Richfield Company, Los Angeles, California Mangroves Leaf Tissue Sodium and Potassium Ion Concentrations as Sublethal Indicators of Oil Stress in Mangrove Trees D.S. Page, E.S. Gilfillan, J.C. Foster, J.R. Hotham, L. Gonzales, Bowdoin College Marine Research Laboratory, Brunswick, Maine 9:00 a.m.-4:45 p.m. Exhibit Hall Foyer Wednesday Poster Session Chairman: John S. Farlow, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Edison, New Jersey Vice Chairman: H.W. Lichte, Mason & Hanger- Silas Mason Co., Inc., Leonardo, New Jersey 9:15 a.m.-10:00 a.m. The Use of Large Scale Outdoor Marine Model Ecosystems to Assess the Fate & Effects of Crude Oil and Dispersant Treated Crude Oil J. Kuiper, Division of Technology for Society TNO, Den Helder, The Netherlands 9:45 a.m.-10:30 a.m. Large Scale Continuous Flow Exposure System for Studying the Fate & Effects of Chemically and Physically Dispersed Oil on Benthic Communities Robert S. Carr, Jerry M. Neff, Paul D. Boehm, Battelle, Duxbury, Massachusetts 10:15 a.m.-11:00 a.m. Experimental Long Term Oil Exposure on Rocky Shore Mesocosms Torgier Bakke, Kai Sorensen, Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Oslo, Norway 10:45 a.m.-11:30 a.m. Tropical Oil Pollution Investigations in Coastal Systems (TROPICS) Charles D. Getter, Bart J. Baca, Thomas G. Ballou, Melvin S. Brown, Research Planning Institute, Inc., Columbia, South Carolina; Anthony H. Knap, Richard E. Dodge, Thomas D. Sleeter, Bermuda Biological Station for Research, Inc., Ferry Reach, Bermuda 11:15 a.m.-12 Noon Review and Evaluation of Leak Detection Methods for Underground Storage Tanks Shahzad Niaki, John Broscious, IT Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 2:00 p.m.-2:45 p.m. STOPOL: A Recovery Unit Suited to Explorations and Production Operations Michael Angeles, Societe Nationale Elf Aquitaine, Pau, France; Maurice Cessou, Institut Francais du Petrole, Vernaison, France; Alain Debry, Total-Compagnie Francaise des Petroles, France 2:30 p.m.-3:15 p.m. Design Improvements in a Sonic Burner for the in-Situ Combustion of Oil Spills John N. Koblanski, Ocean Ecology Ltd.. Vancouver, British Columbia 3:00 p.m.-3:45 p.m. Automatic Sample Taking Oil Tracker Buoy Karl Dieztel, Aquaphysik, Krefeld, West Germany 3:30 p.m.-4:15 p.m. Cleaning Rocks and Coastal Structures J. Quinquis, C. Auger, J. Croquette, CEDRE. Cedex, France; C. Bocard, G. Castaing, Institut Francais du Petrole. Cedex, France; P. Lassus, IFREMER, Paris, France 4:00 p.m.-4:45 p.m. The Oil Spill Slide Rule to Predict the Fate of an Oil Spill Wierd Koops, Rikjswaterstaat North Sea Directorate, Rijjkswijk, The Netherlands 9:00 a.m. Santa Anita Room Session H: Cleanup Operations I Chairman: William C. Park III, Mobil Oil Corporation, New York, New York Vice Chairman: Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Mark Torres, U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, DC Innovative Response Techniques for Major River Systems Andrew R. Teal, Esso Resources Canada Limited, Calgary, Canada Trends in Stranded Tanker Salvage Lieutenant Commander John S. Clay, U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, D.C.

First German Oil Spill Handbook for Hamburg Dirk-Uwe Spengler, Environmental Branch Amt Fur Umweltschutz, Hamburg, Germany A Northern Idaho Gasoline Spill and Cleanup Using Streambed Agitation Nathan A. Graves, Kennedy/Jenks Engineers, Tacoma, Washington 9:00 a.m. San Gabriel Room Session I: Dispersants I Chairman: Bruce Blanchard, Department of Interior, Washington, D.C.

Vice Chairman: Ann Hayward Rooney, Scientific Environmental Associates, Inc., Virginia Beach, Virginia Federal Region II—Contingency Planning for a Dispersant Decision Process Lieutenant (J.G.) Robert F. Corbin, U.S. Coast Guard, Governors Island, New York: Gary L. Ott, NOAA Scientific Support Coordinator, Governors Island, New York Dispersants: Comparison of Laboratory Tests and Field Trials with Practical Experience at Spills J.A. Nichols, H.D. Parker, International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Limited, London, England UK Advance Planning for Dispersant Use/Non Use J.P. Fraser, Shell Oil Company, Houston, Texas 9:00 a.m. San Diego Room Session J: Contingency Planning-I Chairman: Alexander Morozov, International Maritime Organization, London, England, UK Vice Chairman: E.D. Parker, Marathon Oil Company, Houston, Texas An Environmental Assessment and Oil Spill Response Plan for the Humber Estuary (UK) Jane F. Appelbee, Institute of Offshore Engineering, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK Integrated Plans for Integrating Dispersant Use in California Robert Pavia, National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration, Seattle, Washington; Commander Lindon A. Onstad, U.S. Coast Guard, Long Beach, California Marine Pollution Contingency Planning- Recent Changes in the UK Organization Rear Admiral Michael L. Stacey, C.B., Department of Trade, London, England, UK The Value of Resource Protection Plans Under Actual Oil Spill Situations G. Bruce Sutherland, Oregon Department of Environment Quality, Portland. Oregon 10:30 a.m. Santa Anita Room Session K: Cleanup Operations II Chairman: Captain James L. McDonald, U S Coast Guard, Governors Island, New York Vice Chairman: Dr. Edward Gilfillan, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine Recovery of Viscous Emulsions From a Firm Sandy Beach P.R. Morris, B.W.J. Lynch, J.F. Nightingale, D.H. Thomas, Warren Spring Laboratory. Hertfordshire, England, UK Assessment of Three Surface Collecting Agents During Temperate and Arctic Conditions Pamela Pope, Sohio Alaska Petroleum Company, Anchorage, Alaska; Al Allen, Spiltec, Anchorage, Alaska; William G. Nelson, University of Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska A Computerized "Information System on Crude Oils" Michael and Hildegard Krutz, Institute for Water Research, Dortmund, Federal Republic of Germany Marshland Rebuilding Techniques with Spartina Alterniflora After Singular Seasonal Oil Spills Lieutenant Dan Watton, U.S. Coast Guard, Boston, Massachusetts 10:30 a.m. San Gabriel Room Session L: Dispersants II Chairman: Rear Admiral Michael L. Stacey, C.B., Department of Trade. London, England, UK Vice Chairman: L. Michael Flaherty, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

The Significance of Dispersed Oil Droplet Size in Determining Dispersant Effectiveness Under Various Conditions A Lewis, D.C. Byford, P.R. Laskey, British Petroleum Company Limited, Middlesex, England, UK The Effect of Crude Oil Composition on Dispersant Performance Gerald P. Canevari, Exxon Research and Engineering Company, Florham Park. New Jersey Recent Advances on Dispersant Effectiveness Evaluation: Experimental and Field Aspects J.P. Desmarquest, J. Croquett, F. Merlin, CEDRE. Cedex. France; C. Bocard, G. Castaing, C. Gatellier, Institut Francais du Petrole, Cedex, France A New Approach in Enhanced Biodegradation of Spilled Oil: Development of an Oil Dispersant Containing Oleophilic Nutrients Robert D.E. Bronchart, Jan Cadron, Alain Charlier, Alain Gillot, Willy Verstraete, Labonfina, Bruxelles, Belgium 10:30 a.m. San Diego Room Session M: Contingency Planning II Chairman: Harald Celius, Continental Shelf Institute, Trondheim, Norway Vice Chairman: Dr. Jack Gould, American Petroleum Institute, Washington, D.C. Accidental Marine Oil Pollution: French Policy and Response Capitaine de Vasseau Alain Beraud, Jean- Claude Sainlos, Mission Interministerielle de la Mer Paris, France Offshore Oil Production in the Baltic Sea: A Coastal Sensitivity Study Caroline L.F. Webb,Texaco Technologie Europa GMBH, Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany Louisiana Offshore Oil Port Computerized Oil Spill Contingency Plan John J. Gallagher, Spill Control Analysts Inc., Greenwich, Connecticut; A.J. Heikamp, Loop, Inc., New Orleans, Louisiana Containment Strategies for Marine Oil Spills in Nearshore Waters E.H. Owens, Woodward-Clyde Oceaneering, Scotland, UK; H.H. Roberts, S.P. Murray, Coastal Studies Institute LSU, Baton Rouge, Louisiana; C.R. Foget, Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Walnut Creek, California 12:00 Noon Exhibit Hall No-Host Luncheon 2:00 p.m. San Diego Room Damage Assessment (A Panel Discussion) Chairman: Robert Landers, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

Vice Chairman: Kenneth Biglane, Environmental Consultant, Washington, D.C.

Panel Members: Mary Walker, U.S. Department of Interior. Washington, D.C.

John Robinson, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, Washington Dennis Lundblad, Washington Department of Ecology, Olympia, Washington Dr. Ruthann Corwin, Oceanic Society—San Francisco Chapter, San Francisco, California Dr. Edward Yang, Battelle Memorial Institute, Washington, D.C.

William Ross, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

Dr. James P. Marum, American Petroleum Institute (Mobil Oil Corporation), Princeton. New Jersey 2:00 p.m. Santa Anita Room Session N: Prevention I Chairman: John Archer, International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Ltd., London, England, UK Vice Chairman: Edward Tennyson, Minerals Management Service, Reston, Virginia A Case History Illustration of EPA's Region VI Spill, Prevention, Control and Counter Measures Program Gerald L. Almquist, Roy F. Weston, Inc.. Dallas. Texas; Robert G. Forrest, Charles A. Gazda, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Dallas, Texas Protection of the Martine Environment from Hydrocarbon Pollution—An Integrated Planning Approach for Oil Terminals Alan Sann, Edward C. Wayment, SANTOS Limited, Adelaide, South Australia Monitoring an Oil Spill Experiment with the Swedish Maritime Surveillance Systems Olov Fast, Swedish Space Corporation, Solna, Sweden Approaches to Oil Spill Risk Assessment for Marine Vessel Operations Louis J. Painter, Donald R. Haley, Chevron Research Company, Richmond, Virginia 2:00 p.m. San Gabriel Room Session O: Dispersants III Chairman: Rawley Jenkins, British Petroleum International Limited, London, England, UK Vice Chairman: Dr. Gordon Lindblom, Exxon Chemical Company, Houston, Texas Dispersant Tests in a Wave Basin M.R. MacNeill, R.H. Goodman, J.B. Bodeux, K.E. Corry, B.A. Paddison, Esso Resources Canada Limited, Calgary, Canada Aerial Application of Dispersants-Comparison of Slick Behaviour of Chemically Treated Versus Non-Treated Spills Rainer G. Lichtenthaler, Per S. Daling, Central Institute for Industrial Research, Oslo, Norway Halifax '83: Sea Trial of Oil Spill Dispersant Concentrates S.D. Gill, Canada Oil and Gas Lands Administration, Ottawa, Canada; R.H. Goodman, Esso Resources Canada Ltd., Calgary, Canada; J. Swiss, Dome Petroleum Canada, Calgary, Canada 3:30 p.m. Santa Anita Room Session P: Prevention II Chairman: Captain George F. Ireland, U.S. Coast Guard, Boston, Massachusetts Vice Chairman: Leon Kazmierczak, Sun Oil Company, Radnor, Pennsylvania GAOCMAO—Industry's Approach to Cooperative Spill Response in The Arabian Gulf P. Bernard Ryan, Gulf Area Oil Companies Mutual Aid Organization, Bahrain Oil Spill Pollution—The North Sea Experience of Cooperative Measures Jonathan Side, Charles Herd, Wells Grogan, Institute of Offshore Engineering Heriot- Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK Natural Resource Protection in California Captain Edward A. Simons, California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento, California 3:30 p.m. San Gabriel Room Session O: Modeling/Mapping Chairman: Sharon 0. Hillman, Sohio Alaska Petroleum Company, Anchorage, Alaska Vice Chairman: Dr Harold Weiss, Texaco, Inc., Beacon, New York North Aleutian Shelf Sea Otters and Their Vulnerability to Oil Robert L. Cimberg, VTN Oregon, Wilsonville, Oregon; Daniel P. Costa, Long Marine Laboratory University of California, Santa Cruz, California Scientific Response to the Blue Magpie Spill Robert Pavia, D.L. Payton, J.A. Gait, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, Washington Sensitivity Mapping: An Aid to Contingency Planning on Southern African Shores Lynette Frances Jackson, Steven Richard Lipschitz, Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Roggebaai, Republic of South Africa Resource Mapping and Contingency Planning PTP Pipeline Facilities, Panama Erich R. Gundlach, Research Planning Institute, Columbia, South Carolina; Estudios Ambientales, Panama; Geoffrey Moss, PetroTerminal de Panama; John Janssen, Fairbanks, Alaska Real Time Application of an Oil Spill Motion Prediction System V.R. Neralla, S. Venkatesh, Atmospheric Environment Service, Ontario, Canada Oil Spill Modeling—A Tool for Clean-Up Operations Dorte Rasmussen, VKI Water Quality Institute, Horsholm, Denmark Thursday, February 28 9:00 a.m. Catalina Ballroom Tank Vessel Puerto Rican Incident (A Panel Discussion) Chairman: Rear Admiral Sidney A. Wallace, U.S. Coast Guard (Retired), Chairman, Marine Ecology Committee, Maritime Law Association of the United States, Washington, D.C.

Panel Members: Jack R. Mortenson, Clean Bay, Concord, California Dr. Jerry Gait, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, Washington Captain Kenneth Bishop, U.S. Coast Guard, Alameda, California Edward Simmons, California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento, California Captain Charles Glass, U.S. Coast Guard, Alameda, California Alice Berkner, Bird Rescue Research Center, Berkley, California 9:00 a.m. Santa Anita Room Session R: Economic and Legal I Chairman: Timothy Fields, Jr., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

Vice Chairman: Gerard P. Canevari, Exxon Research and Engineering Company, Florham Park, New Jersey Implementation of MARPOL 73/78 Yoshio Sasamura, International Maritime Organization, London, England, UK Tanio Spill—A Case History Illustrating the Work of the International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund Mans Jacobsson, International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund, London, England, UK Patterns and Trends in Reported Small Oil Spills Gary A. Yoshioka, Andrew J. Franzoni, ICF Inc., Washington, D.C.; K. Jack Kooyoomjian, Terry L. Eby, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.; Lieutenant Glenn A. Wiltshire, U.S. Coast Guard, Washington, D.C.

Developing Marine Pollution Response Capability in the Wider Caribbean Region Lieutenant James D. Spitzer, U.S. Coast Guard, International Maritime Organization, Santurce, Puerto Rico 9:00 a.m. San Gabriel Room Session S: Laboratory Tests I Chairman; Ira Wilder, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Edison, New Jersey Vice Chairman: Dr. Clayton McAuliffe, Chevron Oil Field Research Company, La Habra, California Ecological Effects of Oil Versus Oil + Oil Dispersant on the Littoral Ecosystem of the Baltic Sea 0. Linden, A. Rosemarin, Swedish Environmental Research Group, Karlskrona, Sweden; A. Lindskog, C. Hoglund, Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; S. Johansson, Asko Laboratory, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden Effects of Diesel Oil on Commercial Benthic Algae in Norway Tor Bokn, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway The Effects of Dispersants and Oil on Subtropical and Tropical Seagrasses Anita Thorhaug, Jeffry Marcus, Greater Caribbean Energy and Environmental Foundation, Inc., Miami, Florida 9:00 a.m. San Diego Room Session T: Experimental Spills I Chairman: Lieutenant Commander Dennis D. Rome, U.S. Coast Guard, Novato, California Vice Chairman: James Parker, Industrial Marine Service, Inc., Norfolk, Virginia A 100 Tonnes Experimental Oil Spill at Halten Bank, Off Norway Rolf Lange, The Norwegian Research Council for Science and The Humanities, Oslo, Norway Experiments on Natural and Chemical Dispersion of Oil in Laboratory and Field Circumstances Gerard A.L. Delvigne, Delft Hydraulics Laboratory, Delft, The Netherlands Field Experiments with Dispersed Oil and a Dispersant in an Intertidal Ecosystem: Fate and Biological Effects Hubert Farke, Dietrich Biome, Institut fur Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven, Federal Republic of Germany; Norbert Theobald, Deutsches Hydrographisches Institut, Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany; Klaus Wonneberger, Universitat Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Federal Republic of Germany Compositonal Changes in Dispersed Crude Oil in the Water Column During a Nearshore Test Spill David S. Page, Edward S. Gilfillan, Judith C. Foster, Erin Pendergast, Linda Gonzalez, Donna Vallas, Bowdoin College Marine Research Laboratory, Brunswick, Maine 10:30 a.m. Santa Anita Room Session U: Economic and Legal II Chairman: Marc Shaye, Spill Control Association of America, Southfield, Michigan Vice Chairman: Ronald C. Denoville, Crawford and Company, Atlanta, Georgia An Analysis of Oil Spills During Transport Robert A. Walter, Ronald C. DiGregorio, U.S. Department of Transportation, Cambridge, Massachusetts; K. Jack Kooyoomjian, Terry L. Eby, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

The Responsibilities of Underwriters in Casualties Threatening Oil Spillage J.J. Gallagher, Lamorte Burns & Co., Inc., Greenwich, Connecticut A Review of Federal and State Law Concerning Reportable Discharges of Oil David A. Bruce, Gary A. Yoshioka, Alison Condie, ICF Inc., Washington, D.C. Legal Contingency Planning for Oil Spills Douglas K. Mertzel, State of Alaska, Juneau, Alaska; James S. Mattson, Key Largo, Florida 10:30 a.m. San Gabriel Room Session V: Laboratory Tests II Chairman: Conrad Kleveno, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

Vice Chairman: Eleanor Swett, Offshore Devices, Inc., Peabody, Massachusetts Enhanced Biodegradation of Oil Gerd Halmo, SINTEF, Trondheim, Norway Field and Laboratory Studies on the Toxicities of Oils to Mangroves Lai Hoi Chaw, Feng Meow-Chan, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia The Effects of Chemically and Physically Dispersed Oil on the Brain Coral—Diplora Strigosa (DANA), A Summary Anthony H. Knap, Sheila C. Wyers, Richard E. Dodge, Thomas D. Sleeter, Harold R. Frith, S. Robertson Smith, Clayton B. Cook, Bermuda Biological Station for Research Inc., Ferry Reach, Bermuda 10:30 a.m. San Diego Room Session W: Experimental Spills II Chairman: Dr June Lindstedt-Siva, Atlantic Richfield Company, Los Angeles, California Vice Chairman: Patrick O'Brien, Chevron USA, Inc., San Francisco, California Tidal Area Dispersant Experiment, Searsport, Maine: An Overview Edward S. Gilfillan, David S. Page, Sherry A. Hanson, Judith C. Foster, Janet Hotham, Donna Vallas, Erin Pendergast, Sandy Hebert, Sheldon D. Pratt, Ray Gerber, Bowdoin College Marine Research Laboratory, Brunswick, Maine, and University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island Comparative Fate of Chemically Dispersed and Untreated Oil in the Arctic: Baffin Island Oil Spill Studies 1980-1983 Paul D. Boehm, William Steinhauer, Adolfo Requejo, Donald Cobb, Suzanne Duffy, and John Brown, Battelle New England Marine Research Laboratory, Duxbury, Massachusetts The Baffin Island Oil Spill (BIOS) Project: A Summary Gary A. Sergy, Environment Canada, Edmonton, Canada Field Experiments on the Effects of Oil and Dispersant on Mangroves Charles D. Getter, Thomas G. Ballou, Research Planning Institute, Inc.. Columbia, South Carolina 12:00 Noon Sacramento San Francisco Rooms LUNCHEON Dr. Reinhard H. Ganten, Past Director of the International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund 2:00 p.m. Santa Anita Room Session X: Training Chairman: William Leek, Chevron USA, Inc., San Francisco, California Vice Chairman: Lieutenant Commander Edward G. Rosenberg, U.S. Coast Guard, Yorktown, Virginia Results of a Full-Scait surprise Test of Sun's Major Spill Response Plan Leon J. Kazmierczak, Sun Company, Inc., Radnor, Pennsylvania; Thomas A. Crawford, Sun Refining and Marketing Company Marine Operations, Aston, Pennsylvania An Inland Oil Spill Control Course: A Need Perceived and Met Joe R. Callaway, John W. Burkholder, Peter F. Olsen, The Texas A&M University System, College Station, Texas Venezuelan National Oil Spill Training Program Carlos Sordelli, Edificio Petroleos de Venezuela- Avenida Libertador, Caracas, Venezuela; Nelson Garcia, Edigicio Maraven de Petroleos de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela 2:00 p.m. San Gabriel Room Session Y: Extreme Weather Response Chairman: Manuel H. Sirgo, Jr., Texaco USA, Inc., Houston, Texas Vice Chairman: Dr. John P. Bennington, Standard Oil Company (Indiana), Chicago, ILnois Unique Disposal Techniques for Arctic Oilspill Response James J. Swiss, Dome Petroleum Limited, Calgary, Canada; Donald J. Smrke, University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada; William M. Pistruzak, Geotech Ltd., Calgary, Canada An Overview of a Field Guide for Arctic Oil Spill Behavior Robert Schulze, Environmental Consultant, Inc., Elkridge, Maryland; Ivan Lissauer, U.S. Coast Guard, Groton, Connecticut In Place Burning of Prudhoe Bay Crude in Broken Ice Nelline K. Smith, Anibal Diaz, Mason & Hanger-Silas Mason Co., Inc., Leonardo, New Jersey Arctic Spill Response Improvements—A 1985 Review of Arctic Research and Development Efforts Sharon 0. Hillman, Sohio Alaska Petroleum Company, Anchorage, Alaska 2:00 p.m. San Diego Room Session Z: Inland Spills Chairman: Dr. Idwal W. Hughes, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Hamilton, Bermuda Vice Chairman: J. Kenneth Adams, Mineral Management Service, Metairie, Louisiana Revegetation of the Arctic Tundra After an Oil Spill: A Case History Judith Brendel, Alyeska Pipeline Service Company, Anchorage, Alaska A Major Oil Barge Pollution Incident on the Arkansas River Robert G. Forrest, David Lopez, Richard C. Peckham, Frank J. Gorry, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Dallas, Texas A Case History: Oil Spill onto the Prado Flood Control Basin—A Freshwater Wetlands Cleanup Lieutenant Jack A. Kemerer, U.S. Coast Guard, Hamilton Air Force Base, California; Nancy Hendrickson, SPER Division Roy F. Weston, Inc., San Francisco, California; Robert Mullinaux, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, San Francisco, California Oil Spill Cleanup and Habitat Restoration, Little Panoche Creek, California Emily M. Pimentell, Tetra Tech, Inc., San Francisco, California, John E. Cromwell, Tetra Tech, Inc., Pasadena, California Response to the Mobil Oil Spill Incident William C. Park III, Mobil Oil Corporation, New York, New York An Estuarine Oil Spill Incident in the United Kingdom N. Mitchell, B. Pyburn, W.J. Syratt, P.D. Holmes, BP International, London, England, UK

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